Over the last few weeks on the All Premium CBD blog, we’ve dove into the immense importance of cannabis-derived terpenes in CBD products. We’ve analyzed how these terpenes not only contribute to the flavour profile of cannabis and CBD products but how their inclusion in hemp products can synergize with other chemical compounds, resulting in maximized benefits and heightened user experience.
We recently highlighted one specific cannabis-derived terpene, myrcene. We explored this terpene in greater depth, noting its effects, benefits, and how it contributes positively to the experience of CBD products. This week, we’ll be performing a detailed analysis of another cannabis-derived terpene, this time linalool terpene. Linalool (pronounced lin-uh-lool) is an immensely common terpene with some very important benefits in CBD products. So let’s dive into what this terpene is all about, and how it can help you on your CBD journey.
What is Linalool?
The linalool terpene is one of the most common cannabis-derived terpenes. To start off this deep dive, it is important to note that you’ve probably come across linalool in your day-to-day life various times. Linalool is a terpene certainly not limited to cannabis, it is actually found in over 200 types of plants! Further, linalool in the form of pressed or dried lavender has been utilized in folk and traditional medicine for many years to treat a wide range of ailments such as muscle pains, inflammation, and even seizures. The linalool terpene is most commonly found in lavender and birch bark. When it comes to cannabis, linalool is found in Cannabis strains Do-Si-Dos and Scooby Snacks, among others.
Linalool is widely known and used for a number of reasons. Firstly, it is revered for its floral aroma with a bit of spiciness. It is also incredibly popular to reap the benefits of linalool through the ingestion of lavender oil. Since the sense of smell is linked to memory and emotional centers in the brain, the pleasant floral scent of this terpene has been thought to be linked to improvements in mood and relaxation for many years. This terpene is so important because research suggests that linalool affects brain cells and receptors to influence our brain functions.
Now that you have a basic understanding of linalool and what makes it so popular, let’s take a look at the terpene’s effects and benefits.
Effects of Linalool
Linalool is known for being a terpene with an especially wide range of effects and benefits.
Studies indicate that linalool’s impacts may largely be due to its effects in the brain. One way is through blocking the receptors for the primary excitatory brain chemical, glutamate. Additionally, linalool some of linalool’s pain-relieving abilities can be ascribed to its elevation of adenosine levels. These interactions between linalool and the central nervous system can create immense physiological effects.
One primary effect of linalool is its stress-relieving properties. This effect has been increasingly studied in a laboratory setting. For example, mice exposed to linalool vapours in a lab setting have shown reduced levels of anxiety and experienced decreased depression-induced behaviours. In these studies, mice were exposed to highly stressful environments, then exposed to linalool right after. Scientists tracked decreases in their stress levels and in behaviours associated with stress in the mice.
Importantly, the linalool terpene is also thought to make the immune system more resilient to the destructive effects of stress. Stress causes a shift in the distribution of white blood cells in the body, among other detrimental physiological effects. In rats, linalool prevented this shift, and in doing so, prevented the stress-induced changes in how the rats’ DNA was expressed. Researchers determined that this was due to linalool’s ability to activate the body’s parasympathetic response and anti-anxiety properties.
Overall, linalool has some evident effects on the body, and its impacts stem beyond its popular flavour profile. Linalool has been proven to physiologically alter the body to improve stress and protect the immune system from that stress.
Linalool is a terpene with a wide range of benefits. These benefits have been noted for many years in traditional medicine, but the scientific community has also picked up on these benefits in recent years. Here is a list of the main benefits that researchers have attributed to the terpene linalool:
Linalool as an anti-inflammatory
- Studies suggest linalool has anti-inflammatory properties potentially useful for dampening an overactive response to injury or sickness.
- In one study, scientists even treated edema in rats with essential oils containing linalool.
- Plus, research suggests it may help block pain signals to the brain.
Linalool to reduce stress
- In a study on the effects of linalool inhalation by rats, researchers found it acted as an anxiolytic (anxiety reducer).
- Scientists placed rats in stress-inducing restraints for two hours. After exposure to linalool through inhalation, the results showed the rat’s stress levels dropped near to healthy, non-stressed baseline measures.
Linalool for Sedative Effects
- Using lavender to promote sleep and treat insomnia is common across the globe.
- This terpene is instrumental in muscle relaxation and heart rate reduction, which you’ll need to effectively fall asleep.
- Peanut stems and leaves are also commonly used to treat insomnia, and studies suggest that linalool is one of the main components of peanut stems responsible for producing sedative effects.
Antimicrobial Properties of Linalool
- Linalool’s antimicrobial properties are protective for the plant that produces it and represent a potential therapeutic use in people.
- Studies have found that oils infused with increased amounts of linalool have heightened antimicrobial properties.
Linalool for Seizures
- Seizures and epilepsy impact many people worldwide.
- Researchers have found some links between linalool and health in the central nervous system.
- Researchers found that plants high in linalool may help reduce seizures and convulsions by reducing the activity of brain chemicals involved in muscle contraction.
- A study on the anticonvulsant activity of linalool in 2010 deemed linalool “very powerful in its anticonvulsant quality”.
- Of course, all treatments for serious ailments such as epilepsy require full consultancy with a physician prior to pursuing any course of treatment.
Linalool for Pain Relief
- The aforementioned physiological impacts resulting from linalool’s interactions with the central nervous system have been thought to create pain-relieving benefits.
- In one study, patients who underwent surgery were either exposed to linalool-rich lavender oil vapor or an unscented control. Only 46% of the patients who inhaled the lavender oil required postoperative opioid medication, compared to 82% of the control group.
Now that we’ve established the effect and benefits of this amazing terpene, let’s take a look at how linalool plays a role in CBD products, and how it’s inclusion in CBD products enhances the user experience.
Linalool in CBD Products
The idea that terpenes directly impact brain function was overlooked for many years, due to the difficulty of differentiating between direct physiological effects of terpenes versus the indirect effects on mood from their aromatic flavour profiles. In recent years, however, research has begun to dedicate time to studying the effects of terpenes on the brain and the body, and how they may modulate the strength of the individual cannabinoids on brain and body targets. As we’ve discussed at length in previous posts, terpenes, including linalool, are credited with contributing to the “entourage effect” in CBD products. This term was coined by cannabis researcher Dr. Ethan Russo. This effect entails that including the full range of cannabinoids found within the cannabis plant (including terpenes) can allow the compounds to work together in harmony, thereby increasing and maximizing the effectiveness of cannabidiol.
Linalool is a terpene that can increase the benefits that many look for when choosing a CBD product. For example, linalool promotes sleep and relaxation, so for those looking to treat insomnia with their CBD products, a higher amount of linalool could be of great assistance. We also talked before about what a huge role linalool can play in reducing stress, so it could also be a good idea to seek out CBD products that are high in linalool when attempting to treat the symptoms of anxiety.
All in all, linalool’s relaxing flavour profile, coupled with its physiological benefits and contribution to the overall “entourage effect” makes it a helpful addition for those seeking maximized benefits from their CBD products.
In summary, linalool is an incredible terpene, with a wide range of proven benefits that can maximize the effectiveness of CBD products and can play a role in treating a variety of both physical and mental ailments. You should certainly consider checking the labels of CBD products you are interested in purchasing in order to see what terpenes are included, and research how the included terpenes can elevate your CBD using experience.
While there is certainly room for more research to be done on the linalool terpene, it is clear that there are some notable advantages to using cannabidiol products that include the linalool terpene.